The house

Traditionnal house

Depending on its location in the valley or in the mountains, the house adopts a different architect, adapted to its environment and the slope of the land.

Consisting of local materials such as pebble and slate, the traditional house meets the needs of its inhabitants and their activity, often agro-pastoral, until the beginning of the 20th century.

In the villages, the houses are attached to each other, following a road axis but always including a garden space at the back.

Rather narrow and two-storey in mountainous space, it is more spread out in plain and barns and other spaces related to agricultural activity are not included in the same building as the house.

The optimization of the space of the dwelling in the mountains generally leads to the following distribution: on the ground floor are housed the animals and agricultural equipment, the floor is dedicated to the family and the attic stands as a fenil.

Variations exist depending on the construction dates, both for the openings and for the dimensions and the decors. The establishment in the heart area or on the outskirts of the village also differentiates the constructions.

House of the 20th century

The Pays d'art et d'histoire carries out a work of recognition of the architecture of everyday life. 

This action requires the participation of as many people as possible, thanks to a participatory tracking system to which all can contribute.

 The towns with an economic and industrial activity and Oloron Sainte-Marie developed strongly in the 20th century. Most villages have also experienced changes in their habitat, although traditional houses occupy the largest share.

Between 1900 and 1940, the municipalities were enlarged by the construction of houses and the creation of subdivisions to meet the needs of the inhabitants of the rural exodus. Facilitated by the Loucheur Law, housing with medium rent (HLM) benefiting from loans at preferential rates subject to, choose a model on catalog. These isolated houses, placed in the middle of a plot, are built either in diffuse or in a subdivision.

The Ministry of Reconstruction and Town Planning was created at the end of 1944 in order to launch a policy of massive construction of housing. Developers or co-operatives are starting programs of built subdivisions.

After the Second World War, a series of provisions forming the Current Plan established reference models proposed to property applicants in order to industrialize the housing construction system and lower construction costs. The social housing sector accounts for 30% of new construction.

The regulation of the 1970s, with the oil shocks, aims to remove the habitat from its dependence on fossil fuels and to guarantee the architectural quality by promulgating standards and law architecture in 1977.

See the participatory map